The first United Nations report on human rights in both Indian-administered and Pakistan-administered Kashmir urged Pakistan to end its "misuse" of anti-terror legislation to persecute peaceful activists and quash dissent.
After decades of avoiding the issue, the global body has released the report which highlights abuses and human rights violations on both sides of the Line of Control (LoC) with a special focus on conditions in the state of Jammu and Kashmir between July 2016 to April 2018. The incorrect description of Indian territory in the report is mischievous, misleading and unacceptable. "Jammu and Kashmir is an integral and inseparable part of India".
It called for the repeal of Armed Forces Special Powers Act 1990 (AFSPA), a law that gives security forces immunity from prosecution.
Congress communications in-charge Randeep Surjewala said the report has been prepared without understanding the ground situation in Jammu and Kashmir.
Shukla also demanded strong action against terrorists operating in Jammu and Kashmir.
Chronic impunity for sexual violence also remains a key concern in Kashmir.
Security forces have enjoyed "almost total impunity" for decades, carrying out enforced or involuntary disappearances, and little has been done to investigate allegations of mass graves, the United Nations report said. The report violates India's sovereignty and integrity.it is disturbing that those behind this report have chosen to describe internationally designated and United Nations -proscribed terrorist entities as "armed groups" and terrorists as "leaders".
The report said, "any resolution to the political situation in Kashmir should entail a commitment to ending the cycles of violence and accountability for past and current human rights violations".
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The report also examines a range of human rights violations in Pakistan-Administered Kashmir which, according to the report, are of a different calibre or magnitude and of a more structural nature. It further called the report a selective compilation of largely unverified information.
"India rejects the report". PaK has effectively been controlled by Pakistan throughout its entire history.
"The government even questioned the intent in bringing out such a report".
"This welcome report reaffirms the demands of various domestic and global human rights organisations for Indian and Pakistani authorities to deliver justice for past and ongoing human rights abuses, and protect the freedom of all people in Kashmir".
The verdant Kashmir valley, nestled below snow-capped Himalayan peaks, has been disputed by India and Pakistan since the time of independence and Pakistan's creation, and its border is one of the most heavily militarized in the world.
Up to 145 civilians have been killed by security forces from July 2016 to March 2018, with 20 others killed by militants, the report said.
Similarly, the PSA should be amended to ensure its compliance with worldwide human rights law, and all those held under administrative detention should either be charged or immediately released.
The UN's Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights also asked Pakistan to end its "misuse" of anti-terror legislation to persecute peaceful activists and quash dissent.
The rights office also said restrictions on the freedom of expression and assembly make it hard to get information about conditions in PoK.
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